Exercise, Affect, and Adherence: An Integrated Model and a Case for Self-Paced Exercise

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David M. Williams Brown University and the Miriam Hospital

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The article reviews research relevant to a proposed conceptual model of exercise adherence that integrates the dual mode model and hedonic theory. Exercise intensity is posited to influence affective response to exercise via interoceptive (e.g., ventila-tory drive) and cognitive (e.g., perceived autonomy) pathways; affective response to exercise is posited to influence exercise adherence via anticipated affective response to future exercise. The potential for self-paced exercise to enhance exercise adherence is examined in the context of the proposed model and suggestions are given for future research. Further evidence in support of self-paced exercise could have implications for exercise prescription, especially among overweight, sedentary adults, who are most in need of interventions that enhance adherence to exercise programs.

Williams is with the Alpert Medical School of Brown University and the Miriam Hospital—Centers for Behavioral and Preventive Medicine, Providence, RI.

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