Predicting Race Performance in Triathlon: The Role of Perfectionism, Achievement Goals, and Personal Goal Setting

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Joachim Stoeber University of Kent

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Mark A. Uphill Canterbury Christ Church University

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Sarah Hotham University of Kent

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The question of how perfectionism affects performance is highly debated. Because empirical studies examining perfectionism and competitive sport performance are missing, the present research investigated how perfectionism affected race performance and what role athletes’ goals played in this relationship in two prospective studies with competitive triathletes (Study 1: N = 112; Study 2: N = 321). Regression analyses showed that perfectionistic personal standards, high performance-approach goals, low performance-avoidance goals, and high personal goals predicted race performance beyond athletes’ performance level. Moreover, the contrast between performance-avoidance and performance-approach goals mediated the relationship between perfectionistic personal standards and performance, whereas personal goal setting mediated the relationship between performance-approach goals and performance. The findings indicate that perfectionistic personal standards do not undermine competitive performance, but are associated with goals that help athletes achieve their best possible performance.

Stoeber and Hotham are with the Department of Psychology, University of Kent, Canterbury, Kent, U.K., and Uphill is with the Department of Sport Science, Tourism, and Leisure, Canterbury Christ Church University, Canterbury, Kent, U.K.

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