Development of a Cohesion Questionnaire for Youth: The Youth Sport Environment Questionnaire

in Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology

Click name to view affiliation

Mark EysLaurentian University

Search for other papers by Mark Eys in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Todd LougheadUniversity of Windsor

Search for other papers by Todd Loughead in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Steven R. BrayMcMaster University

Search for other papers by Steven R. Bray in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
, and
Albert V. CarronUniversity of Western Ontario

Search for other papers by Albert V. Carron in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
Restricted access

The purpose of the current study was to initiate the development of a psychometrically sound measure of cohesion for youth sport groups. A series of projects were undertaken in a four-phase research program. The initial phase was designed to garner an understanding of how youth sport group members perceived the concept of cohesion through focus groups (n = 56), open-ended questionnaires (n = 280), and a literature review. In Phase 2, information from the initial projects was used in the development of 142 potential items and content validity was assessed. In Phase 3, 227 participants completed a revised 87-item questionnaire. Principal components analyses further reduced the number of items to 17 and suggested a two-factor structure (i.e., task and social cohesion dimensions). Finally, support for the factorial validity of the resultant questionnaire was provided through confirmatory factor analyses with an independent sample (n = 352) in Phase 4. The final version of the questionnaire contains 16 items that assess task and social cohesion in addition to 2 negatively worded spurious items. Specific issues related to assessing youth perceptions of cohesion are discussed and future research directions are suggested.

Eys is now with the Kinesiology/Physical Education and Psychology Departments, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, ON, Canada. Loughead is with the School of Human Kinetics, University of Windsor, Windsor, ON, Canada. Bray is with the Department of Kinesiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada. Carron is with the Department of Kinesiology, University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada.

  • Collapse
  • Expand
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 3740 1223 196
Full Text Views 320 119 14
PDF Downloads 372 136 12