Project on Elite Athlete Commitment (PEAK): III. An Examination of the External Validity across Gender, and the Expansion and Clarification of the Sport Commitment Model

in Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
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The Sport Commitment Model was further tested using the Scanlan Collaborative Interview Method to examine its generalizability to New Zealand’s elite female amateur netball team, the Silver Ferns. Results supported or clarified Sport Commitment Model predictions, revealed avenues for model expansion, and elucidated the functions of perceived competence and enjoyment in the commitment process. A comparison and contrast of the in-depth interview data from the Silver Ferns with previous interview data from a comparable elite team of amateur male athletes allowed assessment of model external validity, tested the generalizability of the underlying mechanisms, and separated gender differences from discrepancies that simply reflected team or idiosyncratic differences.

Tara K. Scanlan is with the International Center for Talent Development, Department of Psychology, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA. Russell (emeritus) was with the LINZ Activity and Health Research Unit, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand. Magyar* is with the California Department of Education, Sacramento, CA. Larry A. Scanlan is with the International Center for Talent Development, Department of Psychology, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA.

In this article, the opinions expressed by coauthor T. M. Magyar are hers alone and do not reflect opinion or policy of the California Department of Education.