Affect and Self-Efficacy Responses During Moderate-Intensity Exercise Among Low-Active Women: The Effect of Cognitive Appraisal

in Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
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  • 1 Iowa State University
  • | 2 University of Leeds
  • | 3 University of British Columbia
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To investigate the relationship between cognitive and affective responses during acute exercise, 24 low-active females completed two 30-min bouts of cycle ergometer exercise at 90% of the ventilatory threshold. In one condition participants had full knowledge of the exercise duration (KD); in the other, exercise duration was unknown (UD). Affect and self-efficacy were measured before and every 3 min during exercise, and affect was also measured postexercise. Affect declined throughout the first half of both conditions, and continued its decline until the end of the UD condition, when a rebound effect was observed. Self-efficacy during exercise displayed a similar pattern. Hierarchical regression analyses demonstrated that during-exercise self-efficacy was a stronger predictor of during-exercise affect than preexercise self-efficacy, and that this relationship was strongest at the end of exercise when duration was unknown. These results indicate that repetitive cognitive appraisal of self and the task could impact the exercise experiences of low-active women during the adoption phase of an exercise program.

Welch is with the Department of Kinesiology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA. Hulley is with the Institute of Membrane and Systems Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom. Beauchamp is with the School of Human Kinetics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.

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