Self-Presentation Origins of Choking: Evidence From Separate Pressure Manipulations

Click name to view affiliation

Christopher Mesagno University of Ballarat

Search for other papers by Christopher Mesagno in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Jack T. Harvey University of Ballarat

Search for other papers by Jack T. Harvey in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
, and
Christopher M. Janelle University of Florida

Search for other papers by Christopher M. Janelle in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
Restricted access

Whether self-presentation is involved in the choking process remains unknown. The purpose of the current study was to determine the role of self-presentation concerns on the frequency of choking within the context of a recently proposed self-presentation model. Experienced field hockey players (N = 45) were randomly assigned to one of five groups (i.e., performance-contingent monetary incentive, video camera placebo, video camera self-presentation, audience, or combined pressure), before taking penalty strokes in low- and high-pressure phases. Results indicated that groups exposed to self-presentation manipulations experienced choking, whereas those receiving motivational pressure treatments decreased anxiety and increased performance under pressure. Furthermore, cognitive state anxiety mediated the relationship between the self-presentation group and performance. These findings provide quantitative support for the proposed self-presentation model of choking, while also holding implications for anxiety manipulations in future sport psychology research.

Christopher Mesagno and Jack T. Harvey are with the School of Human Movement & Sport Sciences, University of Ballarat, Ballarat, Victoria, Australia. Christopher M. Janelle is with the Department of Applied Physiology and Kinesiology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL.

  • Collapse
  • Expand
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 3965 612 73
Full Text Views 344 92 6
PDF Downloads 449 115 7