Train in Vain: The Role of the Self in Claimed Self-Handicapping Strategies

in Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
View More View Less
  • 1 University of Burgundy
  • 2 University of California Santa Barbara
Restricted access

Purchase article

USD  $24.95

Student 1 year online subscription

USD  $85.00

1 year online subscription

USD  $114.00

Student 2 year online subscription

USD  $162.00

2 year online subscription

USD  $216.00

Two field studies investigate the role of self in the tendency of athletes to engage in claimed handicapping strategies during training (anticipatively claiming that handicaps may interfere with their performance). Study 1 tested the relationship between trait self-esteem and athletes’ engagement in claimed self-handicapping. As hypothesized, low physical self-esteem athletes claimed more handicaps than high physical self-esteem athletes. For stronger evidence for the causal role of the self, Study 2 tested whether securing athletes’ self-worth through self-affirmation would lead to decreased claimed self-handicapping by using a mixed model design that allows for both between-subjects (affirmation vs. control condition) and within-subject comparisons (before vs. after self-affirmation intervention). Self-affirmed athletes had decreased levels of claimed self-handicapping. Studies 1 and 2 also demonstrate that athletes engage in claimed self-handicapping during training, which could have deleterious effects on subsequent performance. Discussion centers on theoretical implications and applications for coaches, sport teachers, and sport psychologists.

Lucie Finez is with the Laboratoire Socio-Psychologie et Management du Sport, University of Burgundy, Dijon, France. David K. Sherman is with the Department of Psychological & Brain Sciences, University of California, Santa Barbara, California.

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 148 93 23
Full Text Views 12 9 1
PDF Downloads 20 16 2