Layered Stimulus Response Training Improves Motor Imagery Ability and Movement Execution

Click name to view affiliation

Sarah E. Williams University of Birmingham

Search for other papers by Sarah E. Williams in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Sam J. Cooley University of Birmingham

Search for other papers by Sam J. Cooley in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
, and
Jennifer Cumming University of Birmingham

Search for other papers by Jennifer Cumming in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
Restricted access

This study aimed to test Lang’s bioinformational theory by comparing the effects of layered stimulus and response training (LSRT) with imagery practice on improvements in imagery ability and performance of a motor skill (golf putting) in 24 novices (age, M = 20.13 years; SD = 1.65; 12 female) low in imagery ability. Participants were randomly assigned to a LSRT (introducing stimulus and response propositions to an image in a layered approach), motor imagery (MI) practice, or visual imagery (VI) practice group. Following baseline measures of MI ability and golf putting performance, the LSRT and MI practice groups imaged successfully performing the golf putting task 5 times each day for 4 days whereas the VI practice group imaged the ball rolling into the hole. Only the LSRT group experienced an improvement in kinesthetic MI ability, MI ability of more complex skills, and actual golf putting performance. Results support bioinformational theory by demonstrating that LSRT can facilitate visual and kinesthetic MI ability and reiterate the importance of imagery ability to ensure MI is an effective prime for movement execution.

Sarah E. Williams, Sam J. Cooley, and Jennifer Cumming are with the School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK.

  • Collapse
  • Expand
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 3830 678 51
Full Text Views 281 62 2
PDF Downloads 360 86 8