Despite the prevalence of group-/team-based enactment within sport and physical activity settings, to this point the study of relation-inferred self-efficacy (RISE) has been focused upon estimations regarding a single target individual (e.g., one’s coach). Accordingly, researchers have not yet considered whether individuals may also form RISE estimations regarding the extent to which the others in their group/team as a whole are confident in their ability. We applied structural equation modeling analyses with cross-sectional and prospective data collected from members of interdependent sport teams (Studies 1 and 2) and undergraduate physical activity classes (Studies 3 and 4), with the purpose of exploring these group-focused RISE inferences. Analyses showed that group-focused RISE perceptions (a) predicted individuals’ confidence in their own ability, (b) were empirically distinct from conceptually related constructs, and (c) directly and/or indirectly predicted a range of downstream outcomes over and above the effects of other efficacy perceptions. Taken together, these findings provide preliminary evidence that individuals’ group-focused RISE appraisals may be important to consider when investigating the network of efficacy perceptions that develops in group-based physical activity contexts.
Ben Jackson is with the School of Sport Science, Exercise and Health, University of Western Australia, Crawley, Perth, WA, Australia. Daniel F. Gucciardi is with the School of Physiotherapy, Curtin University, Bentley, Perth, WA, Australia; Chris Lonsdale is with the Institute for Positive Psychology and Education, Australian Catholic University, Strathfield, NSW, Australia. Peter R. Whipp and James A. Dimmock are with the School of Sport Science, Exercise and Health, University of Western Australia, Crawley, Perth, WA, Australia.