Examining Movement-Specific Reinvestment and Performance in Demanding Contexts

in Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
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Two experiments examined the roles of the dimensions of movement-specific reinvestment (movement selfconsciousness and conscious motor processing) on performance under demanding conditions. In Experiment 1, novice golfers practiced a golf putting task and were tested under low- and high-anxiety conditions. Conscious motor processing was not associated with putting proficiency or movement variability; however, movement self-consciousness was positively associated with putting proficiency and appeared to be negatively associated with variability of impact velocity in low-anxiety conditions, but not in high-anxiety conditions. Increased anxiety and effort possibly left few attention resources for movement self-consciousness under high anxiety. In Experiment 2, participants performed a quiet standing task in single- and dual-task conditions. Movement self-consciousness was positively associated with performance when attention demands were low (single task) but not when attention demands were high (dual task). The findings provide insight into the differential influence of the two dimensions of movement-specific reinvestment under demanding conditions.

Neha Malhotra is now with the School of Psychology, University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand. Jamie M. Poolton is with the Institute of Human Performance, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, and the School of Sport, Carnegie Faculty, Leeds Beckett University, Leeds, UK. Mark R. Wilson is with the School of Sport and Health Sciences, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK. Liis Uiga is with the Institute of Human Performance, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong. Rich S.W. Masters is with the Institute of Human Performance, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, and the Department of Sport and Leisure Studies, Faculty of Education, University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand.

Address author correspondence to Neha Malhotra at nehamal@waikato.ac.nz.