Moving to Self-Present: An Investigation Into Proposed Antecedents of 2 x 2 Self-Presentation Motives

in Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology

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Timothy C. HowleUniversity of Western Australia

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James A. DimmockUniversity of Western Australia

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Peter R. WhippUniversity of Western Australia

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Ben JacksonUniversity of Western Australia

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Two studies involving high school physical education students were conducted to investigate associations between 2 x 2 self-presentation motives and theorized antecedents. In Study 1 (n = 445), using path analysis, we found that positive predictive pathways emerged from fear of negative evaluation, trait agency and communion, self-presentational efficacy, and social self-efficacy to 2 x 2 motives. In Study 2 (n = 301), using cluster analysis, we found that approximately half the cohort was classified into a high motive endorsement cluster and half into a low motive endorsement cluster. The high cluster had significantly higher 2 x 2 motive, fear of negative evaluation, trait agency and communion, and self-efficacy scores. This work represents the first concerted effort to empirically examine proposed antecedents of 2 x 2 motives and serves to inform theorists and practitioners about dispositional and context-specific factors that may align with these motives.

Timothy C. Howle, James A. Dimmock, Peter R. Whipp, and Ben Jackson are with the School of Sport Science, Exercise and Health, University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA, Australia.

Address author correspondence to Timothy C. Howle at tim.howle@research.uwa.edu.au.
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