Predicting Sport Experience During Training: The Role of Change-Oriented Feedback in Athletes’ Motivation, Self-Confidence and Needs Satisfaction Fluctuations

in Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
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Change-oriented feedback (COF) quality is predictive of between-athletes differences in their sport experience (Carpentier & Mageau, 2013). This study extends these findings by investigating how training-to-training variations in COF quality influence athletes’ training experience (within-athlete differences) while controlling for the impact of promotion-oriented feedback (POF). In total, 49 athletes completed a diary after 15 consecutive training sessions to assess COF and POF received during training, as well as situational outcomes. Multivariate multilevel analyses showed that, when controlling for covariates, COF quality during a specific training session is positively linked to athletes’ autonomous motivation, self-confidence and satisfaction of their psychological needs for autonomy and relatedness during the same session. In contrast, COF quantity is negatively linked to athletes’ need for competence. POF quality is a significant positive predictor of athletes’ self-confidence and needs for autonomy and competence. Contributions to the feedback and SDT literature, and for coaches’ training, are discussed.

Joëlle Carpentier was with the Department of Psychology, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Québec, Canada, at the time the research was conducted. Geneviève A. Mageau is with the Department of Psychology, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Québec, Canada. Joëlle Carpentier is now with the McGill Human Motivation Lab, Department of Psychology, McGill University, Montréal, Québec, Canada.

Address author correspondence to Joëlle Carpentier at joelle.2.carpentier@hec.ca.
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