Physical Activity Is Associated With Greater Visuospatial Cognitive Functioning Regardless of the Level of Cognitive Load in Elderly Adults

in Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology

Click name to view affiliation

Chun-Hao WangNational Cheng Kung University

Search for other papers by Chun-Hao Wang in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
and
Chia-Liang TsaiNational Cheng Kung University

Search for other papers by Chia-Liang Tsai in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
Restricted access

The study aimed to investigate the effects of regular physical activity on visuospatial cognition in elderly adults, and to further understand the potential neural mechanisms underpinning such effects. We assessed 24 physically active elderly adults and 24 sedentary counterparts using behavioral and neuroelectric measures during a visuospatial cognitive task with different levels of cognitive load. The results showed that the active group had higher behavioral accuracy along with greater P3 amplitudes, regardless of the level of cognitive load. Moreover, the correlation results revealed that physical activity levels were positively associated with accuracy performance in both conditions, while being correlated with frontal P3 amplitudes in the high cognitively demanding condition. However, no significant effects were observed in terms of P3 latency and contingent negative variation. These findings suggest that regular physical activity might be part of an effective lifestyle to attenuate the trajectory of age-related cognitive declines, thus increasing the likelihood of individuals becoming high-functioning older adults.

Chun-Hao Wang and Chia-Liang Tsai are with the Institute of Physical Education, Health & Leisure Studies, National Cheng Kung University, No. 1, University Road, Tainan City, Taiwan.

Address author correspondence to Chia-Liang Tsai at andytsai@mail.ncku.edu.tw.
  • Collapse
  • Expand
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 1658 549 104
Full Text Views 57 13 0
PDF Downloads 48 8 0