Acute Resistance Exercise Facilitates Attention Control in Adult Males Without an Age-Moderating Effect

in Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology

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Shu-Shih HsiehNational Taiwan Normal University

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Yu-Kai ChangNational Taiwan Sport University

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Chin-Lung FangNational Taiwan Normal University

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Tsung-Min HungNational Taiwan Normal University

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The current study examined the effects of acute resistance exercise (RE) on adult males’ attention control. Eighteen younger males (23.9 ± 2.3 years) and 17 older males (66.4 ± 1.2 years) were recruited. Participants underwent a RE session and a reading session in a counterbalanced order. RE protocol required individuals to perform two sets of 10 repetitions of eight exercises using weights set at 70% of 10-repetition maximum. Attention control was assessed by go/no-go SART with intraindividual variability in reaction times (IIV in RT), in addition to reaction time and accuracy, employed as measures of attention control. Results indicated that IIV in RT was smaller following RE sessions than after reading sessions for both age groups. In addition, RTs were shorter after the exercise session. These findings suggest that RE enhances attention control in adult males and that the size of this effect is not moderated by age.

Shu-Shih Hsieh, Chin-Lung Fang, and Tsung-Min Hung are with the Department of Physical Education, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei, Taiwan. Yu-Kai Chang is with the Graduate Institute of Athletics and Coaching Science, National Taiwan Sport University, Taoyuan, Taiwan. Address author correspondence to Tsung-Min Hung at ernesthungkimo@yahoo.com.tw.
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