Countering the Consequences of Ego Depletion: The Effects of Self-Talk on Selective Attention

in Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
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This study examined the effects of a self-talk intervention on selective attention in a state of ego depletion. Participants were 62 undergraduate students with a mean age of 20.02 years (SD = 1.17). The experiment was conducted in four consecutive sessions. Following baseline assessment, participants were randomly assigned into experimental and control groups. A two-session training was conducted for the two groups, with the experimental group using self-talk. In the final assessment, participants performed a selective attention test, including visual and auditory components, following a task inducing a state of ego depletion. The analysis showed that participants of the experimental group achieved a higher percentage of correct responses on the visual test and produced faster reaction times in both the visual and the auditory test compared with participants of the control group. The results of this study suggest that the use of self-talk can benefit selective attention for participants in states of ego depletion.

Jón Gregersen, Antonis Hatzigeorgiadis, Evangelos Galanis, Nikos Comoutos (formerly known as Nikos Zourbanos), and Athanasios Papaioannou are with the Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, University of Thessaly, Trikala, Greece.

Address author correspondence to Jón Gregersen at jon.gregersen@hotmail.com.
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