It Depends on the Partner: Person-Related Sources of Efficacy Beliefs and Performance for Athlete Pairs

in Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
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  • 1 University of Stirling
  • 2 Florida State University
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This study explored person-related sources of variance in athletes’ efficacy beliefs and performances when performing in pairs with distinguishable roles differing in partner dependence. College cheerleaders (n = 102) performed their role in repeated performance trials of two low- and two high-difficulty paired-stunt tasks with three different partners. Data were obtained on self-, other-, and collective efficacy beliefs and subjective performances, and objective performance assessments were obtained from digital recordings. Using the social relations model framework, total variance in each belief/assessment was partitioned, for each role, into numerical components of person-related variance relative to the self, the other, and the collective. Variance component by performance role by task-difficulty repeated-measures analysis of variances revealed that the largest person-related variance component differed by athlete role and increased in size in high-difficulty tasks. Results suggest that the extent the athlete’s performance depends on a partner relates to the extent the partner is a source of self-, other-, and collective efficacy beliefs.

Christine M. Habeeb and Pete Coffee are with the Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport, University of Stirling, Stirling, United Kingdom.

Robert C. Eklund is with the Department of Educational Psychology and Learning Systems, College of Education, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL.

Address author correspondence to Christine M. Habeeb at

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