The Effects of Prosocial and Antisocial Behaviors on Emotion, Attention, and Performance During a Competitive Basketball Task

in Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
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The purpose of this experiment was to investigate whether prosocial and antisocial teammate behaviors affect emotions (i.e., happiness, anxiety, anger), attention, and performance. Undergraduate sport and exercise science students (N = 102) were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 groups: prosocial behavior, antisocial behavior, and control. They performed a basketball free-throw shooting task for 2 min in baseline and experimental phases and completed measures of emotions and attention. Free-throw shooting performance was also recorded. A series of analyses of covariances controlling for baseline scores showed that the prosocial group reported more happiness than the antisocial and control groups. The antisocial group reported more anxiety than the prosocial group and more anger and lower attention than the other 2 groups. The prosocial and antisocial groups performed better than the control group. These findings suggest that prosocial and antisocial teammate behaviors may influence the recipient’s emotions, attention, and performance during sport competition.

Al-Yaaribi is with the Dept. of Physical Education, College of Education, Sultan Qaboos University (SQU), Al-Khodh, Oman. Kavussanu and Ring are with the University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom.

Al-Yaaribi (aliyarubi@gmail.com) is corresponding author.
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