Over the last decade, research on the visual focus of attention has become increasingly popular in psychological science. The focus of attention has been shown to be important in fast team-sport games. The authors developed a method that measures the extent of the attentional focus and perceptual capabilities during performance of a sport-specific task. The participants were required to judge different player configurations on their left and right sides with varying visual angles between the stimuli. In keeping with the notion that the focus of attention is smaller than the visual field, attentional performance was poorest at the wider viewing angles compared with perceptual performance. Moreover, the team-sport players were better able to enlarge their attentional focus and make correct decisions more frequently than individual athletes, particularly when a motor response was required. The findings provide a new perspective, dissociating the attentional and perceptual processes that affect decision making under various response modes.
Hüttermann is with the Dept. of Cognitive and Team/Racket Sport Research, Inst. of Exercise Training and Sport Informatics, German Sport University Cologne, Cologne, Germany. Ford, Varga, and Smeeton are with Welkin Laboratories, School of Sport and Service Management, University of Brighton, Eastbourne, United Kingdom. Williams is with the Dept. of Health, Kinesiology, and Recreation, College of Health, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT.
Choi, B., Lee, S., Lee, J.E., Hong, S., Lee, J., & Kim, S. (2015). A study on the optimum curvature for the curved monitor. 16,217–223. doi:10.1080/15980316.2015.111184710.1080/15980316.2015.1111847)| false
Farrow, D., & Abernethy, B. (2003). Do expertise and the degree of perception—Action coupling affect natural anticipatory performance?32,1127–1139. PubMed ID: 14651325 doi:10.1068/p332310.1068/p3323)| false
Hüttermann, S., Helsen, W.F., Put, K., & Memmert, D. (2018). Does visual attention impact on decision making in complex dynamic events?40,163–166. doi:10.1123/jsep.2017-016910.1123/jsep.2017-0169)| false
HüttermannS. & MemmertD. (2014). Does the inverted-U function disappear in expert athletes? An analysis of the attentional behavior under physical exercise of athletes and non-athletes. Physiology & Behavior13187–92. doi:10.1016/j.physbeh.2014.04.020
Hüttermann, S., & Memmert, D. (2014). Does the inverted-U function disappear in expert athletes? An analysis of the attentional behavior under physical exercise of athletes and non-athletes. 131,87–92. doi:10.1016/j.physbeh.2014.04.02010.1016/j.physbeh.2014.04.020)| false
HüttermannS. & MemmertD. (2015). The influence of motivational and mood states on visual attention: A quantification of systematic differences and casual changes in subjects’ focus of attention. Cognition and Emotion29471–483. doi:10.1080/02699931.2014.920767
Hüttermann, S., & Memmert, D. (2015). The influence of motivational and mood states on visual attention: A quantification of systematic differences and casual changes in subjects’ focus of attention. 29,471–483. doi:10.1080/02699931.2014.92076710.1080/02699931.2014.920767)| false
HüttermannS. & MemmertD. (2017). The attention window: A narrative review of limitations and opportunities influencing the focus of attention. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport88169–183. doi:10.1080/02701367.2017.1293228
Hüttermann, S., & Memmert, D. (2017). The attention window: A narrative review of limitations and opportunities influencing the focus of attention. 88, 169–183. doi:10.1080/02701367.2017.129322810.1080/02701367.2017.1293228)| false
Hüttermann, S., & Memmert, D. (2018). Effects of lab- and field-based attentional training on athletes’ attention-window. 38,17–27. doi:10.1016/j.psychsport.2018.05.00910.1016/j.psychsport.2018.05.009)| false
Hüttermann, S., Memmert, D., Simons, D.J., & Bock, O. (2013). Fixation strategy influences the ability to focus attention on two spatially separate objects. 8,e65673.10.1371/journal.pone.0065673)| false
MannD.L.AbernethyB. & FarrowD. (2010). Visual information underpinning skilled anticipation: The effect of blur on a coupled and uncoupled in situ anticipatory response. Attention Perception & Psychophysics721317–1326. doi:10.3758/APP.72.5.1317
Mann, D.L., Abernethy, B., & Farrow, D. (2010). Visual information underpinning skilled anticipation: The effect of blur on a coupled and uncoupled in situ anticipatory response. 72,1317–1326. doi:10.3758/APP.72.5.131710.3758/APP.72.5.1317)| false
MüllerS. & RosalieS.M. (2019). Transfer of expert visual-perceptual-motor skill in sport. In R.Jackson& A.M.Williams. Perception and decision making in sport: Theories and applications (pp. 375–393). Abingdon, UK: Routledge.
RedickT.S.BroadwayJ.M.MeierM.E.KuriakoseP.S.UnsworthN.KaneM.J. & EngleR.W. (2012). Measuring working memory capacity with automated complex span tasks. European Journal of Psychological Assessment28164–171. doi:10.1027/1015-5759/a000123
SmeetonN.J.WardP. & WilliamsA.M. (2004). Do pattern recognition skills transfer across sports? A preliminary analysis. Journal of Sports Sciences22(2)205–213. PubMed ID: 14998098 doi:10.1080/02640410310001641494
TenenbaumG. & Bar-EliM. (1993). Decision making in sport: A cognitive perspective. In R.N.SingerM.Murphey & L.K.Tennant (Eds.) Handbook of research on sport psychology (pp. 171–192). New York, NY: Macmillan.
Tenenbaum, G., & Bar-Eli, M. (1993). Decision making in sport: A cognitive perspective. In R.N.Singer, M.Murphey, & L.K.Tennant (Eds.), (pp. 171–192). New York, NY: Macmillan.)| false
VaterC.RocaA. & WilliamsA.M. (2016). Effects of anxiety on anticipation and visual search in dynamic, time-constrained situations. Sport Exercise and Performance Psychology5179–192. doi:10.1037/spy0000056
VossM.W.KramerA.F.BasakC.PrakashR.S. & RobertsB. (2010). Are expert athletes “expert” in the cognitive laboratory? A meta-analytic study of cognition and sport expertise. Applied Cognitive Psychology24812–826. doi:10.1002/acp.1588
Voss, M.W., Kramer, A.F., Basak, C., Prakash, R.S., & Roberts, B. (2010). Are expert athletes “expert” in the cognitive laboratory? A meta-analytic study of cognition and sport expertise. 24,812–826. doi:10.1002/acp.158810.1002/acp.1588)| false
WilliamsA.M.WardP.SmeetonN.J. & AllenD. (2004). Developing anticipation skills in tennis using on-court instruction: Perception versus perception and action. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology16(4)350–360. doi:10.1080/10413200490518002
Wolfe, B., Dobres, J., Rosenholtz, R., & Reimer, B. (2017). More than the useful field: Considering peripheral vision in driving. 65,316–325. PubMed ID: 28802451 doi:10.1016/j.apergo.2017.07.00910.1016/j.apergo.2017.07.009)| false