The Adult-Oriented Sport Coaching Survey: An Instrument Designed to Assess Coaching Behaviors Tailored to Adult Athletes

in Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
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  • 1 University of Lethbridge
  • 2 University of Ottawa
  • 3 Cape Breton University
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Adult sportspersons (Masters athletes, aged 35 years and older) have unique coaching preferences. No existing resources provide coaches with feedback on their craft with Masters athletes. Three studies evaluated an Adult-Oriented Coaching Survey. Study 1 vetted the face validity of 50 survey items with 12 Masters coaches. Results supported the validity of 48 items. In Study 2, 383 Masters coaches completed the survey of 50 items. Confirmatory factor analysis and exploratory structural equation modeling indicated issues with model fit. Post hoc modifications improved fit, resulting in a 22-item, five-factor model. In Study 3, 467 Masters athletes responded to these 22 items reflecting perceptions of their coaches. Confirmatory factor analysis (comparative fit index = .951, standardized root mean square residual = .036, and root mean square error of approximation = .049) and exploratory structural equation modeling (comparative fit index = .977, standardized root mean square residual = .019, and root mean square error of approximation = .041) confirmed the model. The resultant Adult-Oriented Sport Coaching Survey provides a reliable and factorially valid instrument for measuring adult-oriented coaching practices.

Rathwell and Motz are with the University of Lethbridge, Lethbridge, AB, Canada. Young, Hoffmann, and Currie are with the University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada. Callary, Hoffmann, and Currie are with Cape Breton University, Sydney, NS, Canada.

Rathwell (scott.rathwell@uleth.ca) is corresponding author.
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