The Temporal Relations of Adolescents’ Basic Need Satisfaction in Physical Education and Global Self-Worth

in Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
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  • 1 Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences
  • 2 Norwegian School of Sport Sciences
  • 3 University of Agder
  • 4 Halmstad University
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This study investigated the temporal relations of adolescents’ basic need satisfaction in physical education (PE) and global self-worth in a sample of 3,398 lower and upper secondary school students (49% boys, 51% girls, average age T1 = 15.00, SD = 1.79). Four models and competing hypotheses were tested, and the model with bidirectional paths specified showed the best fit to the data. The bidirectional effect estimates suggest not only that basic need satisfaction in PE predicts global self-worth development but also that adolescents’ perceptions of global self-worth predict the degree to which they experience basic need satisfaction in PE. Findings could suggest that students with low global self-worth are less sensitive to basic need support in PE. These students may need personally tailored need-supportive initiatives in order to develop basic need satisfaction in PE and, thus, global self-worth through PE.

Erdvik is with the Faculty of Social and Health Sciences, Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences, Elverum, Norway, and the Dept. of Teacher Education and Outdoor Life Studies, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway. Haugen is with the Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Agder, Kristiansand, Norway. Ivarsson is with the Center of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport, Halmstad University, Halmstad, Sweden. Säfvenbom is with the Dept. of Teacher Education and Outdoor Life Studies, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway.

Erdvik (irina.erdvik@inn.no) is corresponding author.
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