A Perception–Action Assessment of the Functionality of Peripheral Vision in Expert and Novice Australian Footballers

in Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology

Click name to view affiliation

Derek PanchukMovement Science, Australian Institute of Sport, Bruce, ACT, Australia
Derek Panchuk Consulting, Canberra, ACT, Australia

Search for other papers by Derek Panchuk in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
and
Michael MaloneyMovement Science, Australian Institute of Sport, Bruce, ACT, Australia

Search for other papers by Michael Maloney in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
*
Restricted access

While widely acknowledged as being important for team-sport performance, the contribution of peripheral vision is poorly understood. This study aimed to better understand the role of far peripheral vision in team sport by exploring how domain experts and novices used far peripheral vision to support decision making and action control. Expert (n = 25) and novice (n = 23) Australian football players completed a perception-only task to assess the extent of their peripheral field. Next, they completed two sport-specific variations (response and recognition) of a “no-look” pass task that required passing a ball to a teammate who appeared in their far peripheral field. In the perception-only task, novices outperformed experts. However, in the sport-specific action response and recognition tasks, experts demonstrated superior performance as they responded to the stimulus farther from central vision and more accurately. Results demonstrate expertise effects for the use of far peripheral vision in sport.

  • Collapse
  • Expand
  • Afonso, J., Garganta, J., McRobert, A., Williams, A.M., & Mesquita, I. (2012). The perceptual cognitive processes underpinning skilled performance in volleyball: Evidence from eye-movements and verbal reports of thinking involving an in situ representative task. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 11, 339345.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Bardy, B.G., & Laurent, M. (1998). How is body orientation controlled during somersaulting? Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 24(3), 963977. https://doi.org/10.1037/0096-1523.24.3.963

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Bartlett, R. (2007). Introduction to sports biomechanics: Analysing human movement patterns. Routledge.

  • Berg, W.P., & Killian, S.M. (1995). Size of the visual field in collegiate fast-pitch softball players and nonathletes. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 81(3, Suppl. 1), 13071312. https://doi.org/10.2466/pms.1995.81.3f.1307

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Broadbent, D.P., Ford, P.R., O’Hara, D.A., Williams, A.M., & Causer, J. (2017). The effect of a sequential structure of practice for the training of perceptual-cognitive skills in tennis. PLoS One, 12(3), Article e0174311. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0174311

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Burnat, K. (2015). Are visual peripheries forever young? Neural Plasticity , 2015, Article 307929. https://doi.org/10.1155/2015/307929

  • Dicks, M., Button, C., & Davids, K. (2010). Examination of gaze behaviors under in situ and video simulation task constraints reveals differences in information pickup. Action, Perception and Psychophysics, 72(3), 706720. https://doi.org/10.3758/APP.72.3.706

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • D’Innocenzo, G., Gonzalez, C.C., Nowicky, A.V., Williams, A.M., & Bishop, D.T. (2017). Motor resonance during action observation is gaze-contingent: A TMS study. Neuropsychologia, 103, 7786. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2017.07.017

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Fajen, B.R., Riley, M.A., & Turvey, M.T. (2008). Information, affordances, and the control of action in sport. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 40(1), 79107.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Farrow, D., & Abernethy, B. (2003). Do expertise and the degree of perception—Action coupling affect natural anticipatory performance? Perception, 32(9), 11271139. https://doi.org/10.1068/p3323

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gibson, J.J. (1979). The ecological approach to visual perception. Psychology Press.

  • Hüttermann, S., & Memmert, D. (2018). Effects of lab- and field-based attentional training on athletes’ attention-window. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 38, 1727. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2018.05.009

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Klatt, S., & Smeeton, N.J. (2021). Processing visual information in elite junior soccer players: Effects of chronological age and training experience on visual perception, attention, and decision making. European Journal of Sport Science, 22(4), 600609. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2021.1887366

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Klostermann, A., Vater, C., Kredel, R., & Hossner, E.-J. (2020). Perception and action in sports. On the functionality of foveal and peripheral vision. Frontiers in Sports and Active Living, 1, 66. https://doi.org/10.3389/fspor.2019.00066

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Leonetti, A., Puglisi, G., Siugzdaite, R., Ferrari, C., Cerri, G., & Borroni, P. (2015). What you see is what you get: Motor resonance in peripheral vision. Experimental Brain Research, 233(10), 30133022. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00221-015-4371-0

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Mann, D.L., Abernethy, B., & Farrow, D. (2010). Action specificity increases anticipatory performance and the expert advantage in natural interceptive tasks. Acta Psychologica, 135(1), 1723. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2010.04.006

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Mann, D.T., Williams, A.M., Ward, P., & Janelle, C.M. (2007). Perceptual-cognitive expertise in sport: A meta-analysis. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 29(4), 457478. https://doi.org/10.1123/jsep.29.4.457

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Michaels, C.F., & Jacobs, D.M. (2007). Direct learning. Ecological Psychology, 19(4), 321349. https://doi.org/10.1080/10407410701432337

  • Mizusawa, K., Sweeting, R., & Knouse, S. (1983). Comparative studies of color fields, visual acuity fields, and movement perception limits among varsity athletes and non-varsity groups. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 56(3), 887892. https://doi.org/10.2466/pms.1983.56.3.887

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Oudejans, R.R., Michaels, C.F., & Bakker, F.C. (1997). The effects of baseball experience on movement initiation in catching fly balls. Journal of Sports Sciences, 15(6), 587595. https://doi.org/10.1080/026404197367029

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Oudejans, R.R., Michaels, C.F., Bakker, F.C., & Dolné, M.A. (1996). The relevance of action in perceiving affordances: Perception of catchableness of fly balls. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 22(4), 879891. https://doi.org/10.1037/0096-1523.22.4.879

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Page, J., Bates, V., Long, G., Dawes, P., & Tipton, M. (2011). Beach lifeguards: Visual search patterns, detection rates and the influence of experience. Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics, 31(3), 216224. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-1313.2011.00824.x

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Pinder, R., Davids, K., Renshaw, I., & Araújo, D. (2011). Representative learning design and functionality of research and practice in sport. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 33(1), 146155. https://doi.org/10.1123/jsep.33.1.146

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Pinder, R., Renshaw, I., & Davids, K. (2009). Information-movement coupling in developing cricketers under changing ecological practice constraints. Human Movement Science, 28(4), 468479. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.humov.2009.02.003

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Robalo, R.A.M., Diniz, A.M.F.A., Fernandes, O., & Passos, P.J.M. (2021). The role of variability in the control of the basketball dribble under different perceptual setups. European Journal of Sport Science, 21(4), 521530. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2020.1759695

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ryu, D., Abernethy, B., Mann, D.L., & Poolton, J.M. (2015). The contributions of central and peripheral vision to expertise in basketball: How blur helps to provide a clearer picture. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 41(1), 167185. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0038306

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ryu, D., Abernethy, B., Mann, D.L., Poolton, J.M., & Gorman, A.D. (2013). The role of central and peripheral vision in expert decision making. Perception, 42(6), 591607. https://doi.org/10.1068/p7487

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Savelsbergh, G.J., Williams, A.M., Kamp, J.V.D., & Ward, P. (2002). Visual search, anticipation and expertise in soccer goalkeepers. Journal of Sports Sciences, 20(3), 279287. https://doi.org/10.1080/026404102317284826

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Schorer, J., Rienhoff, R., Fischer, L., & Baker, J. (2013). Foveal and peripheral fields of vision influences perceptual skill in anticipating opponents’ attacking position in volleyball. Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback, 38(3), 185192. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10484-013-9224-7

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Simpson, M.J. (2017). Mini-review: Far peripheral vision. Vision Research, 140, 96105. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.visres.2017.08.001

  • Smith, M.R., Flach, J.M., Dittman, S.M., & Stanard, T. (2001). Monocular optical constraints on collision control. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 27(2), 395410. https://doi.org/10.1037/0096-1523.27.2.395

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Strasburger, H., Rentschler, I., & Jüttner, M. (2011). Peripheral vision and pattern recognition: A review. Journal of Vision, 11(5), 13. https://doi.org/10.1167/11.5.13

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Thorpe, S.J., Gegenfurtner, K.R., Fabre-Thorpe, M., & Bülthoff, H.H. (2001). Detection of animals in natural images using far peripheral vision. European Journal of Neuroscience, 14(5), 869876. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.0953-816x.2001.01717.x

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • To, M.P.S., Regan, B.C., Wood, D., & Mollon, J.D. (2011). Vision out of the corner of the eye. Vision Research, 51(1), 203214. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.visres.2010.11.008

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Travassos, B., Araújo, D., Davids, K., O’Hara, K., Leitão, J., & Cortinhas, A. (2013). Expertise effects on decision-making in sport are constrained by requisite response behaviours—A meta-analysis. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 14(2), 211219. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2012.11.002

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Vaeyens, R., Lenoir, M., Williams, A.M., Mazyn, L., & Philippaerts, R.M. (2007). The effects of task constraints on visual search behavior and decision-making skill in youth soccer players. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 29(2), 147169. https://doi.org/10.1123/jsep.29.2.147

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Vater, C., Luginbühl, S., & Magnaguagno, L. (2019). Testing the functionality of peripheral vision in a mixed-methods football field study. Journal of Sports Sciences, 37(24), 27892797. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2019.1664100

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Vater, C., Williams, A.M., & Hossner, E.-J. (2019). What do we see out of the corner of our eye? The role of visual pivots and gaze anchors in sport. International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 13(1), 123. https://doi.org/10.1080/1750984X.2019.1582082

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Vickers, J.N. (1996). Visual control when aiming at a far target. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 22(2), 342354. https://doi.org/10.1037/0096-1523.22.2.342

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Williams, A.M., & Davids, K. (1998). Visual search strategy, selective attention, and expertise in soccer. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 69(2), 111128. https://doi.org/10.1080/02701367.1998.10607677

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Williams, A.M., & Jackson, R.C. (2019). Anticipation in sport: Fifty years on, what have we learned and what research still needs to be undertaken? Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 42, 1624. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2018.11.014

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Young, W., & Rogers, N. (2014). Effects of small-sided game and change-of-direction training on reactive agility and change-of-direction speed. Journal of Sports Sciences, 32(4), 307314 https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2013.823230

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Zwierko, T. (2008). Differences in peripheral perception between athletes and nonathletes. Journal of Human Kinetics, 19(2008), 5362. https://doi.org/10.2478/v10078-008-0004-z

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 868 868 165
Full Text Views 81 81 8
PDF Downloads 94 94 8