Affective Consequences of Winning and Losing: An Attributional Analysis

Click name to view affiliation

Edward McAuley The University of Iowa

Search for other papers by Edward McAuley in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Dan Russell The University of Iowa

Search for other papers by Dan Russell in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
, and
John B. Gross Canberra College of Advanced Education

Search for other papers by John B. Gross in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
Restricted access

Previous research in academic achievement settings has indicated that causal attributions for success and failure outcomes are important determinants of affective reactions to those outcomes. This study examined the relationships between the dimensions underlying causal attributions (termed causal dimensions) and affective reactions to performance outcomes in table tennis. Attribution processes were found to be important determinants of affective reactions, particularly for winners. In contrast to previous findings, the locus of causality dimension was not found to be an important determinant of affect. Instead, the controllability dimension appeared to be the most influential causal dimension. The implications of these findings for research on attribution-affect relationships are discussed.

An earlier version of this paper was presented at the National Sport Psychology Conference, Canberra, Australia, February 1983. Reprint requests should be addressed to Edward McAuley, Graduate Program in Hospital and Health Administration, College of Medicine, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242.

  • Collapse
  • Expand
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 2456 248 7
Full Text Views 151 35 0
PDF Downloads 149 45 0