Attention and Decision Making: A Test of the Predictive Validity of the Test of Attention and Interpersonal Style (TAIS) in a Sport Setting1

in Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology

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Robert J. VallerandUniversity of Quebec at Montreal

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The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between athletes' attentional styles as measured by Nideffer's (1976 a, b) Test of Attentional and Interpersonal Style and a performance component, decision making. More making abilities and then divided into good, average, and poor decision makers. It was hypothesized that good, relative to average, and poor decision makers would display a more positive “scan” factor (higher BET, BIT, INFP scales) and a more adequate “focus” factor (low OET, and OIT, but high NAR scales). Results from the analyses of variance revealed no significant differences among the three groups. Furthermore, a discriminant analysis on the good and poor decision makers revealed no clear picture. The present results support Van Schoyck and Grasha's (1981) conclusion that the Test of Attentional and Interpersonal Styles does not seem to be sensitive enough to pick up differences in attentional style between performers of different levels.

Requests for reprints should be sent to Robert J. Vallerand, University of Quebec at Montreal, Department of Psychology, Montreal, Quebec, H3C 3P8, Canada.

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