Social Psychological Aspects of Competition for Male Youth Sport Participants: IV. Predictors of Enjoyment

Click name to view affiliation

Tara K. Scanlan University of California, Los Angeles

Search for other papers by Tara K. Scanlan in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
and
Rebecca Lewthwaite University of California, Los Angeles

Search for other papers by Rebecca Lewthwaite in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
Restricted access

This field study examined predictors of the sport enjoyment experienced by 76 male wrestlers, ages 9 to 14 years, who participated in the first two rounds of a competitive wrestling tournament. Enjoyment was operationalized as the amount of fun the boys had experienced during the wrestling season and the degree to which they liked to wrestle, Intrapersonal variables, including the participants' age and perceptions of their wrestling ability, were investigated as predictors of their sport enjoyment. Significant adult influences, including the boys' perceptions of typical parental and coach behaviors and responses to them in the sport setting, were also examined in relation to enjoyment. A stepwise multiple regression analysis indicated that younger boys, and those who perceived greater wrestling ability, enjoyed their sport participation more than did older boys and those with perceptions of lower ability, Boys who perceived (a) greater parental and coach satisfaction with their season's performance, (b) less maternal pressure and fewer negative maternal performance reactions, and (c) more positive adult sport involvement and interactions (p < .10) experienced greater enjoyment when compared with their counterparts. Together, these predictors accounted for 38% of the variation in wrestlers' enjoyment.

This research was supported by Academic Senate Grant 3188 from UCLA to the first author. We gratefully acknowledge the cooperation received from the participants, parents, coaches, and administrators of the California Age Group Wrestling Association (CAGWA). Special thanks are extended to Larry Drinnon and Robert Stolo from CAGWA and Randy Lewis from the Beverly Hills YMCA.

Sincere appreciation is extended to the 30 testers from UCLA and the School of Physical Therapy, Children's Hospital of Los Angeles; and to Roger Bolus, Carol Giuliani, Toni Grenko, Bruce Jackson, Paul Jones, Debbie Pascuzzi, Kenneth Ravizza, Gary Stein, and Kristine Thompson for their invaluable help on this project.

Requests for reprints should be sent to Tara K. Scanlan, Dept. of Kinesiology, UCLA, 405 Hilgard Ave,, Los Angeles, CA 90024.

  • Collapse
  • Expand
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 2165 181 22
Full Text Views 82 25 3
PDF Downloads 84 31 6