The Impact of Public Mass Transit on the Operating Income of Professional Sports Franchises in the United States: A Preliminary Analysis for the NFL, MLB, and NBA

in Journal of Sport Management
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  • 1 Georgia Institute of Technology
  • 2 University of North Carolina
  • 3 University of North Carolina
  • 4 Georgia Institute of Technology
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This study finds that, due to the timing of games and excess capacity considerations regarding public mass transit, a more functional/usable mass transit system may benefit NFL franchise-operating income but may be nonbeneficial to NBA and MLB franchise incomes. The empirical results were obtained using ordinary least squares estimates for 1993 and allow for a variety of factors, including ticket prices, population size, win/loss records, and stadium/ arena size.

Richard J. Cebula and Willie J. Belton both are with the School of Economics, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332. Richard Austin and Kimberly Wildener both are with the Department of Economics, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599.