Differential Association and Role-Set Configuration: The Impact of Significant Others upon the Perception of Ethical Climate in a Sports Organization

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David Cruise Malloy University of Regina

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James Agarwal University of Regina

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The purpose of this study is to investigate the influence that significant others have upon the perception of ethical climate in a Canadian provincial nonprofit sport federation. The study was theoretically based upon the concepts of differential association and role-set configuration as well as the ethical climate dimensions developed in a non-profit context by Agarwal and Malloy (1999). The results demonstrate some support for the earlier empirical and theoretical findings that suggest that members of non-profit organizations may not be influenced by internal strategies of control and conformity. While this study was based upon a single provincial sport federation, the authors cautiously draw attention to the implications that the results may have for other non-profit organizations.

David Cruise Malloy is with the Faculty of Physical Activity Studies and James Agarwal is with the Faculty of Administration at the University of Regina, Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada, S4S 0A2.

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