Self-Efficacy of Part-Time Employees in University Athletics: The Influence of Organizational Commitment, Valence of Training, and Training Motivation

in Journal of Sport Management

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George CunninghamTexas A&M University

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Kimberly MahoneyOhio High School Athletic Association

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This study examined the impact of organizational commitment and valence on training motivation and, in turn, the impact of training motivation on posttraining self-efficacy. Data were collected from 264 part-time university athletic department employees both prior to and following a mandatory training session. Structural equation modeling indicated that organizational commitment (b = .53, p < .001) and valence (b = .26, p < .001) held positive associations with training motivation, accounting for 45% of the variance. Additionally, training motivation held a significant association with posttraining self-efficacy (b = .37, p < .001), accounting for 13% of the variance. The results demonstrate (a) salient antecedents of training motivation, and (b) the importance of training motivation in realizing training outcomes within the context of university athletic departments.

George Cunningham is with the Department of Health and Kinesiology, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX; Kimberly Mahoney is with the Ohio High School Athletic Association, Columbus, OH.

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