Although there has been a rise in calls for participatory forms of research, there is little literature on the challenges of involving research participants in all phases of the research process. Actively involving research participants requires new strategies, new researcher and research-participant roles, and consideration of a number of ethical dilemmas. We analyzed the strategies employed and challenges encountered based on our experiences conducting feminist participatory action research with a marginalized population and a variety of community partners over 3 years. Five phases of the research process were considered including developing the research questions, building trust, collecting data, analyzing data, and communicating the results for action. Our goals were to demonstrate the relevance of a participatory approach to sport management research, while at the same time acknowledging some of the realities of engaging in this type of research.
Frisby is the Chair of Women’s Studies and is with the School of Human Kinetics, University of British Columbia, 210 War Memorial Gym, Vancouver, BC; Reid is with Simon Fraser University, 3655 West 2nd Avenue, Vancouver, BC; Millar is with University of British Columbia, 2050 West 1st Avenue, Vancouver, BC; Hoeber is with the University of Regina, Faculty of Kinesiology & Health Studies, Regina, SK.