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Retaining volunteers is a critical issue for sport organizations utilizing volunteer labor. Based on the theory of planned behavior, the theory of work adjustment, psychological contract theory, two frameworks (person-environment fit and empowerment), and previous empirical results, we proposed and tested three models to explain intention to continue volunteering with 224 volunteers from the Special Olympics State Summer Games. We accepted a model in which Empowerment fully mediated the relationship between Person-Environment Fit and Intention to Continue Volunteering. We also found that Psychological Contract Fulfillment moderated the relationship between Fit and Empowerment.
M. Kim is with the Dept. of Tourism, Recreation and Sport Management, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611. Trail is with the Dept. of Sport Administration and Leadership, University of Seattle, Seattle, WA 98122. Lim is with the Dept. of Sport Management, Minnesota State University, Mankato, MN 56001. Y.K. Kim is with the Dept. of Sport Management, Recreation Management and Physical Education, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306.