This study examined sport leaders’ perceptions of the use of stated values in the management and performance of their organization. Qualitative data were collected from nine Canadian national sport organizations (NSOs) in a multiple-case studies design, involving analysis of interview transcripts. Results indicated that while many of the NSOs operated from a traditional management by objectives approach, they perceived management by values (MBV) as being important and contributing to enhanced organizational performance. Leaders indicated that more efforts to engage staff members in developing core organizational values and to strategically use values in day-to-day management practice were required. A 4-I Framework describing how an NSO can progress through different stages of strategically using values in management practice was developed. NSO leaders also voiced an interest in embedding organizational values into NSO strategic and other planning processes.
Bell-Laroche is with the Sport Law & Strategy Group, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Maclean is with the University of the Fraser Valley, Faculty of Health Sciences, Abbotsford, British Columbia, Canada. Thibault is with Brock University, Department of Sport Management, St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada. Wolfe is with the University of Victoria, Peter B. Gustavson School of Business, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada