Varying Degrees of Support: Understanding Parents’ Positive Attitudes Toward LGBT Coaches

in Journal of Sport Management
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  • 1 Texas A&M University
  • 2 Texas Tech University
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The purpose of this study was to examine parents’ supportive attitudes toward lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) coaches, as well as the sources of that support. The authors drew from the model of dual attitudes and a multilevel framework developed for the study to guide the analyses. Interviews were conducted with 10 parents who lived in the southwest United States. Analysis of the data revealed three different types of support: indifference, qualified support, and unequivocal support. Further analyses provided evidence of multilevel factors affecting the support, including those at the macro-level (religion), the meso-level (parental influences and contact with sexual minorities), and the micro-level (affective and cognitive influences) of analysis. Theoretical implications and contributions of the study are discussed.

George Cunningham is with the Laboratory for Diversity in Sport at Texas A&M University in College Station, TX. E. Nicole Melton is with the Department of Exercise and Sport Sciences at Texas Tech University in Lubbock, TX. Address author correspondence to George Cunningham at

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