Development and Validation of a Measure of Sport Fans’ Specific Curiosity

in Journal of Sport Management
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  • 1 Hankuk University of Foreign Studies
  • | 2 University of Arkansas at Little Rock
  • | 3 Kent State University
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While there is a relatively rich literature measuring curiosity outside of sport, there is little research on measuring sport fans’ curiosity. Based on Berlyne’s (1960) two dimensions of curiosity, the current research project aimed to develop a reliable and valid measurement scale for sport fans’ specific curiosity. Convenience samples of university students were used. Three studies were used to develop the 11-item Sport Fan Specific Curiosity Scale (SFSCS) was developed. Specifically, the SFSCS consisted of three factors: specific information (5 items), general information (3 items), and sport facility information (3 items). The SFSCS was found to be a reliable and valid scale to measure sport fans’ specific curiosity. The scale should be useful in predicting aspects of sport fan behavior for sport fans at various stages.

Seong-Hee Park is with the Division of International Sport and Leisure, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Yongin, Cheoin Gu, Mohyun Myun, Republic of Korea. Jae-Pil Ha is with the Department of Health, Human Performance and Sport Management, University of Arkansas at Little Rock, Little Rock, Arkansas, USA. Daniel Mahony is with the Dean’s Office, Kent State University, Kent, Ohio, USA. Address author correspondence to Seong-Hee Park at

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