The purpose of this research project was to examine the impact of participating in a sport-for-peace event and one’s social dominance orientation on prejudice and change agent self-efficacy. In Study 1, participants (n = 136) completed questionnaires both before and following their participation in a sport-for-peace event. The event was designed to ensure both high levels of and quality intergroup contact, with interactions confirmed through a manipulation check. Results from the doubly repeated measures analysis of variance indicate a significant decrease in prejudice and a significant increase in change agent self-efficacy. Social dominance orientation did not influence the nature of these changes. In Study 2, the authors conducted focus group interviews with 27 participants to better understand how the event impacted prejudice and change agent self-efficacy. Results indicate that the team-based sport environment and social opportunities were instrumental in prejudice reduction while the educational platform was important for increasing change agent self-efficacy.
Jon Welty Peachey is with the Department of Recreation, Sport and Tourism, University of Illinois, Champaign, Illinois. George B. Cunningham is with the Department of Health and Kinesiology, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas. Alexis Lyras is with the Conflict Resolution Program, Department of Government, Georgetown University, Washington, DC. Adam Cohen is with the Department of Health Exercise and Sport Sciences, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas. Jennifer Bruening is with the Educational Leadership Department, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut.