The Development of a Framework to Capture Perceptions of Sport Organizations Legitimacy

in Journal of Sport Management
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In this manuscript, we use Bitektine’s (2011) theory of organizational social judgments to develop a framework to Capture Perceptions of Organizational Legitimacy (CPOL). We outline a three-stage framework as a method to measure the perceived dimensions on which constituents scrutinize a sport organization’s legitimacy. In stage one of the framework, we defined the organizational context of a nonprofit sport organization in Sydney, Australia to establish the classification, purpose, and relationship of the focal entity to its constituents. In stage two, we distributed a qualitative questionnaire (N = 279) to identify the perceived dimensions on which constituents scrutinized organizational action. In stage 3 we distributed a quantitative questionnaire (N = 860) to test six perceived dimensions, which emerged during stage two of the CPOL framework. The six dimensions explained 63% of respondents’ overall organizational judgment, providing support for the CPOL framework as a context-driven process to measure constituent perceptions of the legitimacy of sport organizations.

Daniel Lock is with Griffith University, Nathan Campus, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. Kevin Filo, Thilo Kunkel, and James L. Skinner are with the Department of Tourism, Sport and Hotel Management, Griffith University–Southport, Queensland, Australia.

Address author correspondence to Daniel Lock at d.lock@griffith.edu.au.
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