Behavioral Correlates of Psychological Involvement: A 2-Year Study

in Journal of Sport Management
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Limited research has examined psychological involvement change using a longitudinal design. This study explored stability and change in the three facets of psychological involvement—pleasure, centrality, and sign—that occurred over a 2-year period and examined key behavioral correlates of the observed change. Data were collected three times through online surveys from participants (N = 482) of an annual 10-mile running event in the United States. Latent growth modeling analyses revealed that, on average, the levels of pleasure, centrality, and sign in running slightly decreased over time. Growth mixture modeling analyses offer evidence that different patterns of change exist within each facet of psychological involvement. The findings further indicate that changes in the number of events participated in each year are the most important behavioral correlates of psychological involvement change. The results provide sport managers with implications for promoting long-term engagement with the activity through event participation and postevent phases.

Sato is with the Hart School of Hospitality, Sport and Recreation Management, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, VA. Jordan and Funk are with the School of Sport, Tourism and Hospitality Management, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA.

Address author correspondence to Mikihiro Sato at satomx@jmu.edu.
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