Developing Student-Athlete School Satisfaction and Psychological Well-Being: The Effects of Academic Psychological Capital and Engagement

in Journal of Sport Management
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  • 1 University of Mississippi
  • 2 University of Northern Colorado
  • 3 Hankuk University of Foreign Studies
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The quality of a student-athlete’s experience can be a product of the services provided by their sponsoring sport organization. In an attempt to improve the student-athlete experience, this study was positioned to examine how collegiate sport services could use academic psychological capital (PsyCap) and student-athlete engagement to promote school satisfaction and psychological well-being. A total of 248 National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I student-athletes participated in this study. Results indicated that academic classification moderated academic PsyCap’s influence on engagement. In addition, the academic PsyCap of the student-athletes positively influenced school satisfaction and psychological well-being, but student-athlete engagement fully mediated the relationship between academic PsyCap and psychological well-being. This empirical evidence provides new knowledge on the relationships among student-athletes’ motivational cognitive constructs, educational engagement, school satisfaction, and psychological well-being in the context of highly competitive collegiate sports. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed, including incorporating the results with services provided to student-athletes.

M. Kim and H. S. Kim are with the University of Mississippi, University, MS, USA. M. Kim is also with the Department of Health, Exercise Science, and Recreation Management, University of Mississippi, University, MS, USA. Oja is with the University of Northern Colorado, Greeley, CO, USA. Chin is with the Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

M. Kim (mk55@olemiss.edu) is corresponding author.
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