Renewable Energy Source Diffusion in Professional Sport Facilities

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Liz Wanless Ohio University, Athens, OH, USA

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Chad Seifried Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, USA

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Tim Kellison Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA, USA

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Professional sport facility sustainability initiatives offer sport organizations an opportunity to demonstrate congruence with societal concern for the environment, an effort that also affects stadia revenue generation. Guided by diffusion of innovations theory, this study harnessed diffusion modeling and logistic regression to determine how quickly renewable energy source adoption is diffusing across 175 professional sport stadia in the United States and Canada and the factors catalyzing early renewable energy source adoption. Results revealed 86 (49%) facilities adopted at least one type of renewable energy source, with solar emerging as the predominant technology adopted (68 total adoptions). Full diffusion for renewable source adoption was predicted for 2061 (p = .0094, q = 0.1404, root mean square error = 3.25, mean absolute error = 2.51), while not all renewable energy sources were predicted to fully diffuse (wind; p = .0117, q = −0.0710, root mean square error = .853, mean absolute error = 0.675). New stadia construction during the time of adoption, facility type, and geographical social systems emerged as significant factors catalyzing adoption in the early majority.

Kellison is now at Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL, USA.

Seifried https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2882-9702

Kellison https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3706-250X

Wanless (wanless@ohio.edu) is corresponding author, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6896-2076

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