The effectiveness of the centralized sport system in China has been demonstrated by the achievements of athletes in international competition and the extent of mass sports participation; however, the efficiency of the system has been questioned. A government survey determined that administrators within the system came from diverse backgrounds with little or no training in sport, physical education, or management techniques. This situation is being remedied through workshops for existing administrators and 4-year degree programs for future administrators. This study provides information regarding the different perspectives of sport administration in China, the structure of the workshops and degree programs, and efforts being made to ensure that an already effective system becomes more efficient. All data were obtained from prime source materials and from surveys conducted by one of the authors.
Baker and Lin are with the Department of Physical Education, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, IL 62901. Pan is with the Department of Health, Physical Education and Recreation, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73069. Cao is with the Department of Management, Beijing Institute of Physical Education, People's Republic of China.