Sport Clusters and Community Resilience in the United States

in Journal of Sport Management
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  • 1 University of Florida
  • | 2 Cardiff University
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How to enhance community resilience to natural disasters is a major question for researchers and policymakers. Although researchers agree that sport generates community benefits, few scholarly efforts in sport management have been invested in understanding the sport–resilience association. This paper attempted to address whether and how sport clusters—the clustering of sport industries—are associated with community resilience across locations. To achieve this, geographically weighted regression and visualization techniques were applied to macro-level data regarding community resilience and the clustering of 13 separate sport industries across 3,108 counties in the contiguous United States. The results indicate that, overall, the clustering of eight sport industries was significantly associated with community resilience and demonstrates the existence of spatially heterogeneous associations in magnitudes and signs of community resilience in sport clusters. The findings of this paper have the potential to help community sport scholars and policymakers implement location-specific resilience policies through sport industry development.

C. Kim is with the Department of Sport Management, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA. J. Kim is with the Department of Tourism, Hospitality and Event Management, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA. Jang is with the Cardiff Business School, Cardiff University, Cardiff, South Glamorgan, United Kingdom.

Jang (jangs@cardiff.ac.uk) is corresponding author.
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