Unilateral Multiaxial Coordination Training and Ankle Kinesthesia, Muscle Strength, and Postural Control

in Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
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Objectives:

To determine the physiological adaptations that might occur with a 4-week unilateral multiaxial training program in lower leg kinesthesia, peak torque, and postural control.

Study Design:

True experimental pretest-posttest control-group design.

Setting:

Research laboratory.

Subjects:

26 healthy, active subjects (14 men, 12 women).

Interventions:

Subjects were assigned to an experimental or control group. The experimental group performed multiaxial coordination training 3 days/wk for 4 weeks.

Main Outcome Measures:

Both groups were tested 3 times, pretest and 2 and 4 weeks after training was initiated. Outcome measures included conscious appreciation of ankle kinesthesia, eversion and dorsiflexion isokinetic peak torque, and static and functional postural control.

Results:

Results revealed a significant Group × Test interaction only for inversion kinesthesia.

Conclusions:

Four weeks of multiaxial coordination training did not significantly improve any of the dependent variables in healthy individuals. Further research should consider the effects of such a program on injured subjects.

Riemann is with the Graduate Athletic Training Program, Georgia Southern University, Statesboro, GA 30460-8076. Tray and Lephart are with the Neuromuscular Research Laboratory, Musculoskeletal Research Center, Dept of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15203.