Using Lunge Measurements for Baseline Fitness Testing

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Matthew T. Crill
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Christopher P. Kolba
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Gary S. Chleboun
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Context:

The lunge is commonly used to assess lower extremity strength, flexibility, and balance, yet few objective data exist on it.

Objectives:

To determine the reliability of the lunge test, determine whether there are gender differences associated with it, and study the relationships between lunge distance and height and leg length.

Design:

Single-factor repeated measures.

Setting:

Laboratory.

Participants:

57: 29 men, 28 women.

Main Outcome Measures:

Anterior lunge (AL) and lateral lunge (LL) distance, height, and leg length (cm).

Results:

LL distance (131.3 ± 12.3) is significantly greater than AL distance (113.7 ± 17.2) in men and in women (LL 113.6 ± 10.5, AL 96.6 ± 11.1). There was no significant correlation for height or leg length to any lunge measurement in men or women.

Conclusion:

The lunge can be used as a reliable test to measure lower extremity function. Right- and left-leg lunge distances should not differ, and LL will always be greater than AL.

Crill is with Heartland Rehabilitation, 2061 Stringtown Rd, Grove City, OH 43123. Kolba is with Ortho Neuro Center for Physical Therapy, 70 S Cleveland Ave, Westerville, OH 43081. Chleboun is with the Ohio University School of Physical Therapy, Athens, OH 45701.

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