Comparison of Forward-, Backward-, and Lateral-Motion Exercise at Self-Selected Intensities

in Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
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Context:

Rehabilitation specialists should understand cardiovascular responses to different movement patterns.

Objective:

To investigate physiological responses to forward- (FM), backward- (BM), and lateral-motion (LM) exercise at self-selected intensities.

Design:

Within-subjects design to test independent variable, movement pattern; repeated-measures ANOVA to analyze oxygen consumption (VO2), heart rate (HR), respiratory-exchange ratio (RER), and ratings of perceived exertion (RPE).

Participants:

10 healthy women.

Results:

VO2 and HR were significantly higher during LM than during FM and BM exercise. The respective VO2 (ml · kg · min–1) and HR (beats/min) values for each condition were FM 25.19 ± 3.6, 142 ± 11; BM 24.24 ± 2.7, 145 ± 12; and LM 30.5 ± 4.6, 160 ± 13. No differences were observed for RER or RPE.

Conclusions:

At self-selected intensities all 3 modes met criteria for maintaining cardiovascular fitness. Practitioners can use these results to develop rehabilitation programs based on clients’ perception and level of discomfort

Mayo is with the Dept of Kinesiology, Hendrix College, Conway, AR 72032. Lyons is with the Dept of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Hofstra University, Hempstead, NY 11549. Honea is with the Dept of Kinesiology, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, LA 71272. Alvarez is with the Dept of Health, Physical, Recreation, and Dance, Delta State University, Cleveland, MS 38733. Byrum is with Central Arkansas Hospital, Searcy, AR 72419.