Effects of Abdominal Postures on Lower Extremity Energetics during Single-Leg Landings

in Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
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Context:

Functional implications of clinically relevant abdominal postures have been sparsely examined.

Objectives:

To evaluate the reliability of sustaining abdominal postures during single-leg landings and the effects of abdominal postures on lower extremity kinetics and energetics.

Design:

One-way ANOVA tested effects of leg-spring stiffness and lower extremity energetics across groups (control, abdominal hollowing [AH], and pelvic tilting [PT]).

Participants:

12 male (24.0 ± 3.4 years) and 12 female (21.9 ± 2.3 years) healthy, recreationally active subjects.

Main Outcome Measures:

Leg-spring stiffness and relative joint-energy absorption from control, AH, and PT groups.

Results:

AH and PT ICCs2,k and standard error of measurements (AH = 0.53 ± 0.4 cm, PT = 0.9° ± 0.8°) were moderate to high. Relative knee-energy-absorption effect sizes comparing the control and treatment groups revealed moderate treatment effects (AH = 0.66%, PT = 0.41%).

Conclusions:

Abdominal postures can be reliably performed during a single-leg-landing task. Energy-absorption effect sizes suggest a link between the trunk and lower extremity.

The authors are with the Dept of Exercise and Sport Science, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, NC 27402.