The Relationship of Periscapular Strength on Scapular Upward Rotation in Professional Baseball Pitchers

in Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
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Context:

Deficiencies in scapular upward rotation and periscapular strength have been associated with various shoulder pathologies and decreased athletic performance. Therefore, proper periscapular strength and concomitant scapular upward rotation are important factors among overhead athletes, such as baseball players.

Objective:

To assess the relationships between lower trapezius and serratus anterior strength and the quantity of scapular upward rotation.

Design:

Descriptive study.

Setting:

Laboratory.

Participants:

24 professional baseball pitchers.

Measures:

Scapular upward rotation was measured at 0°, 60°, 90°, and 120° of humeral elevation. The maximum isometric strength of the lower trapezius and serratus anterior were measured.

Results:

There was a moderate-good positive relationship between lower trapezius strength and scapular upward rotation at 90° (r 2 = .56, P = .001) and 120° (r 2 = .53, P = .001). The relationships between scapular upward rotation and serratus anterior strength were all poor.

Conclusion:

A moderate-good relationship existed between lower trapezius strength and scapular upward rotation.

Kevin Laudner and Justin Stanek are with the Kinesiology and Recreation Department at Illinois State University, Normal. E-mail klaudne@ilstu.edu. Keith Meister is with Texas Metroplex Institute for Sports Medicine and Orthopedics in Arlington.