Psychological Benefits of Virtual Reality for Patients in Rehabilitation Therapy

in Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
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Context:

Whether virtual rehabilitation is beneficial has not been determined.

Objective:

To investigate the psychological benefits of virtual reality in rehabilitation.

Design:

An experimental group underwent therapy with a virtual-reality-based exercise bike, and a control group underwent the therapy without virtual-reality equipment.

Setting:

Hospital laboratory.

Patients:

30 patients suffering from spinal-cord injury.

Intervention:

A designed rehabilitation therapy.

Main Outcome Measures:

Endurance, Borg's rating-of-perceived-exertion scale, the Activation–Deactivation Adjective Check List (AD-ACL), and the Simulator Sickness Questionnaire.

Results:

The differences between the experimental and control groups were significant for AD-ACL calmness and tension.

Conclusion:

A virtual-reality-based rehabilitation program can ease patients' tension and induce calm.

Chen and Jeng are with the Dept of Mechanical Engineering, National Central University, Chung-Li 32054, Taiwan. Fung is with the Dept of Mechanical Engineering, Oriental Institute of Technology, Pan-Chiao 22061, Taiwan. Doong is with the Dept of Industrial Design, Tatung University, Tai-Pei 10452, Taiwan. Chuang is with the Dept of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Veterans General Hospital Taipei, Taipei 11217, Taiwan.