Development of a Measure of Rehabilitation Adherence for Athletic Training

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Megan D. Granquist
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Diane L. Gill
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Renee N. Appaneal
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Rehabilitation adherence is accepted as a critical component for attaining optimal outcomes. Poor adherence is recognized as a problem in the athletic training setting. Measurement has been inconsistent, and no measure has been developed for athletic training settings.


To identify indicators of sportinjury rehabilitation adherence relevant to athletic training and develop a Rehabilitation Adherence Measure for Athletic Training (RAdMAT) based on these indicators.


Mixed methods, 3 steps.


College athletic training facility.


Practicing certified athletic trainers (ATCs; n = 7) generated items, experts (n = 12) reviewed them, and practicing ATCs (n = 164) completed the RAdMAT for their most, average, and least adherent athlete.

Main Outcome Measure:



The RAdMAT is 16 items with 3 subscales. Subscales and total have good internal consistency and clearly discriminate among adherence levels.


The RAdMAT is based on scholarly literature and clinical practice, making it particularly appropriate for use in athletic training clinical practice or for research purposes.

Granquist is with the Dept of Movement and Sports Science, University of La Verne, La Verne, CA. Gill and Appaneal are with the Dept of Kinesiology, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, NC.

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