By purchasing this content you agree and accept the terms and conditions
Isokinetic assessment of shoulder internal- (IR) and external-rotator (ER) strength is commonly used with many different postures (sitting, standing, or supine) and shoulder positions (frontal or scapular plane with 45° or 90° of abduction).
To conduct a systematic review to determine the influence of position on the intersession reliability of the assessment of IR and ER isokinetic strength, to identify the most reliable position, and to determine which isokinetic variable appears to be most stable in intersession reliability.
A systematic literature search through MEDLINE and Pascal Biomed databases was performed in October 2009. Criteria for inclusion were that studies be written in English or French, describe the isokinetic evaluation methods, and describe statistical analysis.
Sixteen studies meeting the inclusion criteria were included. Variable reliability of ER and IR peak torque (PT) were generally reported for all assessment positions; intraclass correlation coefficients were .44–.98 in the seated position with 45° of shoulder abduction, .09–.77 in the seated position with 90° of shoulder abduction, .86–.99 (coefficient of variation: 7.5–29.8%) in the supine position with 90° of shoulder abduction, .82–.84 in the supine position with 45° of shoulder abduction, and .75–.94 in standing. The ER:IR ratio reliability was low for all positions.
The seated position with 45° of shoulder abduction in the scapular plane seemed the most reliable for IR and ER strength assessment. The standing position or a shoulder posture with 90° of shoulder abduction or in the frontal plane must be used with caution given the low reliability for peak torque. Good reliability of ER and IR PT was generally reported, but ER:IR ratio reliability was low.
Edouard and Calmels are with the Dept of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University Hospital of Saint-Etienne, France. Samozino is with the Laboratory of Exercise Physiology, University of Saint-Etienne, France. Julia is with the Dept of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Lapeyronie Hospital, Montpellier, France. Gleizes Cervera is with the Dept of Sports Medicine, University Hospital of Toulouse, France. Vanbiervliet is with the Dept of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Léon Berard Hospital, Hyeres, France. Gremeaux is with the Dept of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University Hospital of Dijon, France.