Patient Outcomes Utilizing the Mulligan Concept of Mobilization With Movement to Treat Intercollegiate Patients Diagnosed With Lateral Ankle Sprain: An a Priori Case Series

in Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
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While the incidence and reinjury rates of lateral ankle sprain (LAS) continue to persist at high rates across many sporting activities, further exploration of assessment and treatment beyond the traditional ligamentous and strength/proprioceptive model is warranted. Further, assessing and treating both arthrokinematic and osteokinematic changes associated with LAS can provide insight into a more diverse approach to treating ankle pathology.


To examine the clinical use of the Mulligan Concept mobilization with movement (MWM) while treating patients diagnosed with an acute grade I or II LAS through authentic patient care.


An a priori case series.


Intercollegiate athletic training clinic.


Intercollegiate patients diagnosed with an acute grade I or II LAS.


The Mulligan Concept distal fibular anterior to posterior MWM.

Main Outcome Measures:

Pain-Intensity Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) with Non-Weight Bearing (NRS-NWB) and Weight Bearing (NRS-WB), Disablement of the Physically Active Scale (DPAscale), Foot and Ankle Ability Measure (FAAM) with Activity of Daily living (FAMM-ADL) and Sport (FAAM-Sport), Client Specific Impairment Measure (CSIM), Y-Balance Composite (YBC), and Weight Bearing Measure for Dorsiflexion (WBDF).


Patients who are diagnosed with an acute grade I or II LAS and are treated with the Mulligan Concept report immediate and long-lasting minimal clinically important differences in patient outcome measures.


Clinicians who examine and use the Mulligan Concept MWM to treat acute LAS can expect immediate positive results that are progressively retained over time specific to patient-centered outcome measures as well as functional clinicianbased measures. Based on the immediate and positive results, clinicians should examine associated osteokinematic and arthrokinematic changes beyond that of the traditional ligamentous model.

May, Nasypany, Baker, and Seegmiller are with the College of Education, University of Idaho, Moscow, ID. Paolino is with Integrated Rehabilitation Services, Mulligan Concept Teachers Association, Vernon, CT.

May ( is corresponding author.