Effects of Kinesio Taping on the Relief of Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness: A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Trial

in Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
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Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of Kinesio taping (KT) on delayed onset muscle soreness. Design: Randomized controlled study. Setting: Clinical laboratory. Participants: Fifty-four nonathletic volunteers were assigned randomly to KT (n = 27) and placebo KT (n = 27) groups. Interventions: The intense exercise protocol consisted of 100 consecutive drop jumps from a 0.60-m-high platform. Kinesio tape was applied with the fan technique on the quadriceps muscles in the KT group. The placebo KT group received the Kinesio tape with no technique and tension. Main Outcome Measure: Muscle soreness, maximal isometric quadriceps muscle strength, vertical jump height, and blood analyses (creatine kinase, lactate dehydrogenase, myoglobin, and C-reactive protein) were measured preexercise, immediately postexercise, 48 hours postexercise, and 72 hours postexercise. Results: There was a significant effect of time in all outcome measures (P < .05) except serum C-reactive protein level (P > .05). The intensity of muscle soreness was significantly lower in the KT group relative to the placebo KT group at 72 hours postexercise (P = .01). The serum creatine kinase level was significantly higher in the KT group compared with the placebo KT group at 72 hours postexercise (P = .01). There were no statistically significant differences between groups for the other outcome measures (P > .05). Conclusions: These findings indicate that KT intervention following the intense exercise protocol reduced muscle soreness. However, it had no effect on maximal quadriceps isometric strength and vertical jump height or serum lactate dehydrogenase, myoglobin, and C-reactive protein levels. Furthermore, KT application after intense exercise also increased serum creatine kinase levels.

Hazar Kanik and Citaker are with the Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health Sciences, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey. Hazar Kanik is also with the Department of Neurobiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA. Yilmaz Demirtas and Celik Bukan are with the Department of Medical Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey. Celik is with the Department of Statistics, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey. Gunaydin is with Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health Science, Adnan Menderes University, Aydın, Turkey.

Hazar Kanik (zhazar@gazi.edu.tr) is corresponding author.
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