A Comparison of 6 Weeks of Aquatic Exercise and Kinesio Taping in Patients With Chronic Nonspecific Low Back Pain

in Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
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Context: In many societies, although chronic low back pain (LBP) is a significant problem, there is no consensus on the optimal therapeutic intervention. Objective: To compare the impact of aquatic exercise (AE) and kinesio taping (KT) on the pain intensity and functional incapacity in women with chronic nonspecific LBP. Design: Randomized controlled trial. Setting: Outpatient clinic. Participants: Thirty-six women with chronic nonspecific LBP (mean [SD]: age = 50.69 [4.187] y) participated. Interventions: Participants randomly assigned to AE (n = 12), KT (n = 12), and nontreatment control (n = 12) groups for 6 weeks. Main Outcome Measures: Pain intensity and functional disability were evaluated at baseline and the end of the intervention. Results: Pain intensity decreased more in the AE group than in the KT group (5.9–0.5 cm [91.6% decrease] vs 5.7–2.4 cm [58.1% decrease], respectively; P < .001 for both after Bonferroni post hoc test); the values decreased more in the 2 treatment groups than in the control group (P < .001 for between-group comparisons). Disability decreased more in the AE group (43.2%–18.8% [55.6% decrease]) than the KT group (37.8%–19.3% [48.3% decrease]) (P < .001 for both comparisons), but increased in the control group (38.7%–41.2% [6.5% increase]; P = .045). Conclusion: These results suggest AE and KT treatment methods provide pain intensity and disability improvements in women with chronic nonspecific LBP. Nevertheless, AE was more effective than KT.

Alikhajeh is with the Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran. Barabadi is with the English Department, University of Bojnord, Bojnord, Iran. Mohammad Rahimi is with the Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran.

Mohammad Rahimi (rmohammadrahimi@mail.um.ac.ir) is corresponding author.
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